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ISO 13766

来自认证百科

适用产品范围

主要适用于土方工程和建筑工程机械

  • 钻井和地基设备;
  • 用于混凝土,砂浆和处理增强材料的制备,输送和压实的设备;
  • 道路建设和维修机械设备。
  • 以及还涉及打算安装到机械上的电气/电子子组件(ESA)和单独的ESA(Electronic Sub-Assembly)。

不适用

机械可以具有直流或交流或两者的组合作为内部电源系统。

- 但不适用于设计为由外部电网供电的产品与机器,即不评估接入公共电网的电磁干扰现象,并网机器受IEC 61000的保护。

- 混合动力机器在UN ECE R10-Rev.5.中涵盖。

主要目的

主要是评估抗扰度为机械设备内部电子电器组件提供更好的保护,预防机械设备,是否收到外界干扰导致性能降低、工作异常等导致出现的安全事故。

名词术语

Broadband Emission 宽带发射,发射的带宽大于特定测量设备或接收器的带宽,请参见IEC 60050-161:1990

Narrowband Emission 窄带发射,发射的带宽小于特定测量设备或接收器的带宽,请参见IEC 60050-161:1990

Electrical/Electronic Sub-Assembly 电气/电子组件,打算作为机械一部分的电气和电子组件或一组组件,以及执行一个或多个专业化功能的任何相关的电气连接和布线功能。

ISO 13766-1

ISO 13766-1:2018

Earth-moving and building construction machinery — Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) of machines with internal electrical power supply — Part 1: General EMC requirements under typical electromagnetic environmental conditions

土方工程和建筑工程机械 - 带内部电源的机械的电磁兼容性(EMC) 第1部分: 典型电磁环境条件下的通用EMC要求

主要测试项目

- 宽带和窄带电磁干扰;

- 抗电磁场;

- 静电放电;

- 进行瞬变。

宽带辐射发射Broadband reference limits(针对整机,机械完整品)

10m宽带辐射发射场地限值 — Machinery broadband reference limits for machinery-to-antenna distance of 10 m

Figure A.1 — Machinery broadband reference limits for machinery-to-antenna distance of 10 m.jpg

3m宽带辐射发射场地限值 — Machinery broadband reference limits for machinery-to-antenna distance of 3 m

Figure A.2 — Machinery broadband reference limits for machinery-to-antenna distance of 3 m.jpg

窄带辐射发射Narrowband reference limits(针对整机,机械完整品)

10m窄带辐射发射场地限值 — Machinery narrowband reference limits for machinery-to-antenna distance of 10 m

Figure A.3 — Machinery narrowband reference limits for machinery-to-antenna distance of 10 m.jpg

3m窄带辐射发射场地限值 — Machinery narrowband reference limits for machinery-to-antenna distance of 3 m

Figure A.4 — Machinery narrowband reference limits for machinery-to-antenna distance of 3 m.jpg

辐射抗扰度 Immunity of Machinery to Electromagnetic Radiation(针对整机,机械完整品)

  • 适用参考极限24V/m,参考未调制信号的均方根值。
  • 带调制的测试信号的最大值应符合未调制的测试信号的最大值。 在测试样品上,抗扰度要求通过30V/m(比参考极限高25%)的场强来满足。
  • 另外,可选BCI

零部件 - 宽带发射限值 - ESA broadband reference limits

测试方法参考 CSIPR 25 , 1m处测试限值

零部件宽带发射限值 - Figure A.5 — ESA broadband reference limits

Figure A.5 — ESA broadband reference limits.jpg

零部件 - 窄带发射限值 - ESA narrowband reference limits

测试方法参考 CSIPR 25 , 1m处测试限值

Figure A.6 — ESA narrowband reference limits.jpg

零部件 - 辐射抗扰度 - ESA immunity reference limits

For tests made according to ISO 11452-1:2015, ISO 11452-2:2004, ISO 11452-3:2016, ISO 11452-4:2011 or ISO 11452-5:2002, the immunity reference limits shall be

— 48 V/m for the 150 mm strip line test method (ISO 11452-5:2002),

— 60 V/m for the TEM cell test method (ISO 11452-3:2016),

— 48 mA for the BCI test method (ISO 11452-4:2011),

— 22,5 dBm for the TWC test method, (ISO 11452-4:2011), and

— 24 V/m for the radiated field (absorber lined chamber) test method (ISO 11452-2:2004 with horizontal and vertical polarization).

以上的参考限值应适用于未调制信号的均方根值。调制后的测试信号最大值应符合未调制的测试信号参考限值增加了25%,测试中ESA不得进行任何操作变化。

静电 - Electrostatic discharge (ESD)

The method specified in ISO 10605:2008 shall be used for measurement of the machinery or the component in such areas where an ESD in standard use is possible (e.g. by touching by the operator).

Choose

— a generator capacitance of 330 pF for areas that can easily be accessed from the inside of the machinery,

— a generator capacitance of 150 pF for areas that can easily be touched only from the outside of the machinery.

In either case, the resistance is 2 kΩ.

Packaging and handling tests according to ISO 10605:2008 are not required.

ESA should be evaluated for their intended location upon the machinery. If this is not known both test generator (150 pF and 330 pF) capacitance values shall be evaluated.

静电测试等级Reference limits

The following test levels apply for machinery and ESA:

— ± 4,0 kV contact and air discharge at functional status class A (see Table 3);

— ± 6,0 kV contact discharge and ± 8,0 kV air discharge at functional status class C (see Table 3)

传导瞬态干扰 - Conducted transients

The method specified in ISO 7637-1:2015, ISO 7637-2:2011 and ISO 16750-2:2012 shall be used as the method of testing.

传导瞬态干扰 - 测试限值

Table 1 — Check pulse in 12 V and 24 V on-board systems.jpg

Table 1 (continued).jpg

ISO 13766-2

ISO 13766-2:2018

Earth-moving and building construction machinery — Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) of machines with internal electrical power supply — Part 2: Additional EMC requirements for functional safety

土方工程和建筑工程机械 - 带内部电源的机械的电磁兼容性(EMC) 第2部分: 功能安全的附加EMC要求

主要测试项目

- 来自场外和各种场强和频率的辐射电磁场;

- 来自板载源(天线内部/外部)的辐射电磁场,具有各种场强和频率;

- 静电放电;

- 传导和耦合的电气瞬变。